Also known as the Plumed basilisk (Basiliscus plumifrons) or Jesus Christ lizard (I’ll get to that later), this omnivorous reptile is native to Central America and is part of the Iguana family. In their tropical rainforest habitat, the green basilisk lizard feeds on insects, small mammals, fruits, flowers and even other lizards. They have quite a few natural predators including: snakes, birds of prey and opossums so they need to be speedy.
One of their most distinctive features is their bright green skin covered with small whitish-blue spots. Males can be uniquely identified by their three large crests: one on their head, one on their back and one on their tail whereas females only have the head-crest.
This cold-blooded creature is quite well known since they are able to sprint short distances across water – hence the alias ‘Jesus Christ lizard’ – which can help them swiftly evade predators. This impressive skill has only been made possible through centuries of delicate evolution. The green basilisk lizard has long toes on its hind legs with flaps of skin, giving them a larger surface area on the water thus reducing the pressure exerted. Therefore, they can travel for a reasonable distance before the force of gravity takes over, but not to worry, these lizards are superb swimmers and can stay under water for up to 30 minutes.
Their name is obviously derived from the basilisk – a legendary reptile also referred to as the serpent king. This fictitious creature was made up in Europe and was thought to cause death with a single glance. Although if you’ve seen the basilisk in Harry Potter, you’d probably agree that he was a little more intimidating than the green basilisk lizard. Nevertheless, this reptile is an undoubtedly fascinating creature.