The Javan Rhinoceros

Starting off with one of my favourite animals: the Javan Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus). This solitary, nocturnal browser is one of tImage result for javan rhinoceroshe rarest animals on earth with fewer than 70 individuals, restricted to a small area of Java in Indonesia.

Historically, this species was once widespread in South-East Asia, ranging from the islands of Java and Sumatra, all the way up to India and even China. Unfortunately, due to deforestation, human expansion, poaching and war, their habitat has dramatically dwindled, which saddens me deeply.

This species fascinates me: the mosaic pattern on their tough skin gives them a heavy armoured appearance, along with their large skin folds from their neck to their rump. Males have a singular, short horn which they use to manipulate vegetation (rather than for fighting). The Javan Rhinoceros is the second largest animal in Indonesia, after the Asiatic Elephant, but they face extinction.

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